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the oslo process

In Oslo, February 2007, 49 countries and humanitarian organisations gathered together to design a Convention against Cluster Munitions. Further conferences in Lima, Vienna, Wellington and Dublin were held to draw out a covenanted contract.

107 countries have already adopted the Convention against Cluster Munitions at the Dublin Diplomatic Conference in May 2008.

On the 3rd of December, all the states joined in signing the Convention against Cluster Munitions at the Oslo Conference.

The treaty bans the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster munitions.
Last Updated ( Monday, 17 November 2008 10:37 )

 

Cluster bomb facts and stats

• For over 40 years cluster bombs have killed and injured civilians during and after conflict.

Unexploded cluster bombs continue to kill and injure for days, months, even decades after conflict.

• Cluster bombs have been used in at least 31 countries and areas:

Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, Chad, Chechnya,

Croatia, DR Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falklands/ Malvinas, Grenada, Iraq, Israel, Kosovo, Kuwait,

Laos, Lebanon, Montenegro, Nagorno-Karabakh, Serbia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Sudan,

Syria, Tajikistan, Uganda, Vietnam and Western Sahara.

• 34 countries are known to have produced over 210 different types of air-dropped and surfacelaunched

cluster bombs.

• At least 13 countries have transferred over 50 types of cluster munitions to at least 60 other

countries.

• Billions of cluster bomblets are currently stockpiled by some 78 countries worldwide and around

half of these countries have now agreed to destroy them.

• Tens of thousands of civilians worldwide have been killed or injured by cluster bombs.

• On average, a quarter of civilian casualties are children.1 In some areas more than 50% of victims

are children. The small size and curious shapes of the bomblets dispersed by cluster bombs make

them particularly interesting to young people.

South Lebanon

• The most recent recorded use of cluster bombs was by Israel in south Lebanon. The UN

estimated that of 4 million used, up to1 million cluster bomblets remained unexploded after the

conflict ended.

• In the 6 months after the 2006 ceasefire in Lebanon around 200 civilians were killed or injured by

unexploded cluster bomblets.

Laos

• Laos is the most heavily cluster bombed country in the world following the 1965 – 1973 Vietnam

War.

• Some have likened the scale of the bombing in Laos to the equivalent of a B52 load of bombs

every 8 minutes for approximately 9 years.