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the convention explained

The Convention on Cluster Munitions was negotiated and adopted at the Dublin Diplomatic Conference on May 30, 2008 by 107 states. It is a legally binding international treaty that forbids the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster bombs.

The Convention was signed in Oslo on December 03, 2008. No changes can be made to the wording of the treaty.
The Convention bans cluster bombs, with no exceptions or period of time in which countries can continue to use them after the ban. Stockpiles must be destroyed within eight years and contaminated land cleared within 10.

The Convention sets a new standard for assisting victims and protecting their human rights. States must provide medical, financial and psychological support to survivors and all people affected by cluster bombs.

Although the treaty has not yet entered into force, it has deepened the stigma against the weapon. It is expected that no state or non-state armed group will ever use cluster bombs again because of this.


States that adopted the Convention on Cluster Munitions (107)

Albania, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chad, Chile, Comoros, Republic of Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Holy See, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lao PDR, Lebanon, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia (FYR), Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Qatar, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Togo, Uganda, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela and Zambia.


Cluster bomb facts and stats

• For over 40 years cluster bombs have killed and injured civilians during and after conflict.

Unexploded cluster bombs continue to kill and injure for days, months, even decades after conflict.

• Cluster bombs have been used in at least 31 countries and areas:

Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, Chad, Chechnya,

Croatia, DR Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falklands/ Malvinas, Grenada, Iraq, Israel, Kosovo, Kuwait,

Laos, Lebanon, Montenegro, Nagorno-Karabakh, Serbia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Sudan,

Syria, Tajikistan, Uganda, Vietnam and Western Sahara.

• 34 countries are known to have produced over 210 different types of air-dropped and surfacelaunched

cluster bombs.

• At least 13 countries have transferred over 50 types of cluster munitions to at least 60 other


• Billions of cluster bomblets are currently stockpiled by some 78 countries worldwide and around

half of these countries have now agreed to destroy them.

• Tens of thousands of civilians worldwide have been killed or injured by cluster bombs.

• On average, a quarter of civilian casualties are children.1 In some areas more than 50% of victims

are children. The small size and curious shapes of the bomblets dispersed by cluster bombs make

them particularly interesting to young people.

South Lebanon

• The most recent recorded use of cluster bombs was by Israel in south Lebanon. The UN

estimated that of 4 million used, up to1 million cluster bomblets remained unexploded after the

conflict ended.

• In the 6 months after the 2006 ceasefire in Lebanon around 200 civilians were killed or injured by

unexploded cluster bomblets.


• Laos is the most heavily cluster bombed country in the world following the 1965 – 1973 Vietnam


• Some have likened the scale of the bombing in Laos to the equivalent of a B52 load of bombs

every 8 minutes for approximately 9 years.